African Journal of Paediatric Surgery

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2013  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 135--139

Paediatric urologic pathologies at the national teaching hospital in Cotonou: A etiological and therapeutic aspects


Augustin Karl Agossou-Voyeme1, Michel Armand Fiogbe1, Judith Goundete1, Gervais Martial Hounnou1, René Hodonou2 
1 Paediatric Surgery Service of National Teaching Hospital, Cotonou, Benin
2 Urologic Service of National Teaching Hospital, Cotonou, Benin, Benin

Correspondence Address:
Michel Armand Fiogbe
02 BP8229 Cotonou
Benin

Background: Urological pathologies of children are dominated by congenital malformations of the kidneys and urinary tract. Their management is often surgical. The objective of this survey was to study etiological and therapeutic aspects of urological presentations in children. Patients and Methods: Data for aetiology, treatment, and results in children hospitalized at the Paediatric Surgery service of National Teaching Hospital (CNHU) in Cotonou were retrospectively analyzed from January 1999 to December 2008. Results: A total of 214 patients with complete data were evaluated. Urological pathologies represented 4.8% of the hospitalizations in paediatric surgery, with an incidence of 21 cases per year. The mean age was 4.9 ± 3.2 years (age 1 week to 14 years). The male to female ratio was 14:14. Cryptorchidism, hydrocele, nephroblastoma, the posterior urethral valves, ureteropelvic junction obstructions, post-circumcision haemorrhage and hypospadias were the most frequent pathologies. Congenital urological malformations represented 81.3%, followed neoplastic pathologies (7.9%), traumatic pathologies (6.1%) and others (4.7%). The disorders of male genitalia were more frequent and constituted 68.2% of the cases. The anomalies of the urinary tract were 30.8% and intersex disorders were 0.9%. The average age of the children urological pathologies at the time of consultation was 8.85 ± 4.6 years. The treatment was often surgical with a mortality of 2.8%.


How to cite this article:
Agossou-Voyeme AK, Fiogbe MA, Goundete J, Hounnou GM, Hodonou R. Paediatric urologic pathologies at the national teaching hospital in Cotonou: A etiological and therapeutic aspects.Afr J Paediatr Surg 2013;10:135-139


How to cite this URL:
Agossou-Voyeme AK, Fiogbe MA, Goundete J, Hounnou GM, Hodonou R. Paediatric urologic pathologies at the national teaching hospital in Cotonou: A etiological and therapeutic aspects. Afr J Paediatr Surg [serial online] 2013 [cited 2019 Dec 7 ];10:135-139
Available from: http://www.afrjpaedsurg.org/article.asp?issn=0189-6725;year=2013;volume=10;issue=2;spage=135;epage=139;aulast=Agossou-Voyeme;type=0