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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2011  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 176-181

Pneumatic reduction of intussusception in children at Korle Bu Teaching Hospital: An initial experience


1 Department of Radiology, Korle Bu Teaching Hospital, P. O. Box KB 77, Korle Bu, Accra, Ghana
2 Department of Surgery, Korle Bu Teaching Hospital, P. O. Box KB 77, Korle Bu, Accra, Ghana
3 Department of Surgery, University of Ghana Medical School, P. O. Box KB 4326, Korle Bu, Accra, Ghana

Correspondence Address:
Yaw Boateng Mensah
P. O. Box GP 4746, Accra
Ghana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0189-6725.86057

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Background: Intussusception is a common abdominal emergency in children which necessitates prompt diagnosis and management. Nonsurgical methods of managing this condition are rapidly gaining popularity with fluoroscopic-guided pneumatic reduction being one of such methods that has been used with great success in many countries. We present our initial experience with fluoroscopic-guided pneumatic reduction of intussusception at Korle Bu Teaching Hospital which is also the first time the technique has been used in Ghana. Materials and Methods: A total of 18 children were enrolled in the study between August 2007 and February 2008 at Korle Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra, Ghana. Patients were given air enema under fluoroscopic-guidance using locally assembled equipment. The intraluminal pressure was monitored with a pressure gauge and was not permitted to go above 120 mmHg. A total of three attempts of 3 min each were allowed. Results: There were 12 males and 6 females. The average age of the patients was 8.3 months (SD= 3 months). Twelve (67%) of the cases were reduced successfully while 6 (33%) failed to reduce. A majority of those that did not reduced had symptoms for at least 2 days. Bowel perforation occurred in three (16.7%) cases. Conclusion: Pneumatic reduction of intussusception is a cost-effective and rapid method of management of intussusception. It however has limitations like high reported rate of bowel perforation and limited ability to identify lead points. The benefits however seem to outweigh these challenges, such as fluoroscopic-guided pneumatic reduction has a very high success rate. Fluoroscopic guided pneumatic reduction should be considered as one of the primary modes of reduction in Ghana and other neighbouring countries that are yet to practice it.


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