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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 199-202

Our experience in the management of infantile hydrocephalus: A study on thirty-five regrouped cases in Yaounde, Cameroon

1 Department of Pediatrics/Pediatric Surgery, Gynaeco-Obstetric and Paediatric Hospital, Yaound, Cameroon
2 Department of Neurosurgery, Yaounde Central Hospital, Yaounde, Cameroon
3 Department of Morphological Sciences, University of Yaounde I, Yaounde, Cameroon
4 Department of Surgery and Specialities, University of Yaounde I, Yaounde, Cameroon

Correspondence Address:
F F Mouafo Tambo
BP 5790 Yaounde
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0189-6725.86062

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Background: Hydrocephalus is a frequent central nervous system disorder in children, and despite its importance, it has not been sufficiently studied in developing countries. Patients and Methods: A prospective and descriptive study on 35 cases of infantile hydrocephalus was carried out in the neurosurgery unit of the Yaounde Central Hospital, from March 2008 to January 2010. Results: The mean age of the patients was 6.69΁1.58 months, and the majority of them were in the 0-6 months age group (71.43%). The most frequent causes were congenital malformations, with stenosis of the aqueduct of Sylvius being the most represented (31.43%). As radiological workup, a CT scan was done in more than half of the cases (57.15%), and ventriculo-peritoneal shunting was the main surgical method of management used (94.29%). Infectious complications were observed in 22.86% of our cases. Conclusion: Hydrocephalus is a frequent disorder in this Cameroonian setting affecting mostly the 0-6months age group. For early diagnosis to be made, the head circumference of neonates should be routinely measured in the labour room and followed-up in all medical visits. To avert complications following surgery, rigorous surgical procedures with effective asepsis and appropriate methods and materials for shunting should be used.

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