African Journal of Paediatric Surgery About APSON | PAPSA  
Home About us Editorial Board Current issue Search Archives Ahead Of Print Subscribe Instructions Submission Contact Login 
Users Online: 1122Print this page  Email this page Bookmark this page Small font size Default font size Increase font size 
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 323-325

Burns injury in children: Is antibiotic prophylaxis recommended?

Department of Pediatric Surgery, EPS Fattouma Bouguiba, Faculty of Medicine, Monastir, CP 5000, Tunisia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Jamila Chahed
Department of Pediatric Surgery, EPS Fattouma Bouguiba, Faculty of Medicine, Monastir, CP 5000
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0189-6725.143141

Rights and Permissions

Background: Wound infection is the most frequent complication in burn patients. There is a lack of guidelines on the use of systemic antibiotics in children to prevent this complication. Patients and Methods: A prospective study is carried out on 80 patients to evaluate the role of antibiotic prophylaxis in the control of infections. Results: The mean age was 34 months (9 months to 8 years). There was a male predominance with sex ratio of 1.66. The mean burn surface size burn was 26.5% with total burn surface area ranging from 5% to 33%, respectively. According to American Burn Association 37% (30/80) were severe burns with second and third degree burns >10% of the total surface body area in children aged <10 years old. Scalds represented 76.2% (61/80) of the burns. Burns by hot oil were 11 cases (13.7%), while 8 cases (10%) were flame burns. The random distribution of the groups was as follow: Group A (amoxicilline + clavulanic acid) = 25 cases, Group B (oxacilline) = 20 cases and Group C (no antibiotics) = 35 cases. Total infection rate was 20% (16/80), distributed as follow: 8 cases (50%) in Group C, 5 cases (31.2%) in Group A and 3 cases in Group B (18.7%). Infection rate in each individual group was: 22.9% (8 cases/35) in Group C, 20% (5 cases/25) in Group A and 15% (3 cases/20) in Group B (P = 0.7). They were distributed as follow: Septicaemia 12 cases/16 (75%), wound infection 4 cases/16 (25%). Bacteria isolated were with a decreasing order: Staphylococcus aureus (36.3%), Pseudomonas (27.2%), Escherichia coli (18.1%), Klebsiella (9%) and Enterobacteria (9%). There is a tendency to a delayed cicatrisation (P = 0.07) in case of hot oil burns (65.18 ± 120 days) than by flame (54.33 ± 19.8 days) than by hot water (29.55 ± 26.2 days). Otherwise no toxic shock syndrome was recorded in this study. Conclusion: It is concluded that adequate and careful nursing of burn wounds seems to be sufficient to prevent complications and to obtain cicatrisation. Antibiotics are indicated only to treat confirmed infections.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded339    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 1    

Recommend this journal