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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 7-11

Wilms' tumour in African children: Can an institutional approach improve outcome?

1 Department of Surgery, Paediatric Surgery Unit, Bayero University/Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria
2 Department of Pathology, Bayero University/Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Akinfenwa Taoheed Atanda
Department of Pathology, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, PMB 3452, Kano 700 001
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0189-6725.150926

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Background: The poor outcome for patients with Wilms' tumour (WT) in developing countries has been predicated on late presentation, poverty and low rate of chemotherapeutic access. This study aims to evaluate the effects of an institutionalised approach to improving outcome for patients managed in a tertiary hospital in Nigeria. Materials and Methods: Oncology records of children diagnosed with WT between 2009 and 2013 were analysed for therapy completion and other prognostic parameters. Ensuing data were then compared with those from other centres in Africa. Results: Compared with results from some local and African studies, the therapy completion rate was higher (60%) with a survival rate among this group being between 1 and 4 years. No patient was lost to follow-up because of unavailability or unaffordability of cytotoxic agents. Conclusion: This study shows that an institutionalised approach can help to improve access to anti-cancer drugs, reduce the rate of loss to follow-up and thus improve outcome. There is however need to improve on patient-doctor communication, form support groups and establish a WT registry.

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