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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 104-107

A study on genetic polymorphism of RET proto-oncogene in Hirschsprung's disease in children

1 Pgt 3rd Year, Department of Pathology, IPGME&R, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Pathology, IPGME&R, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
3 Professor, Department of Pathology, IPGME&R, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
4 Associate Professor, Department of Paediatric Surgery, IPGME&R, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
5 Professor, Pathology, Health and Family Welfare Department, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
6 Professor, Department of Paediatric Surgery Apollo Gleneagles Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Chhanda Das
31 Eastern Park, First Road, Santoshpur, Kolkata 75, West Bengal
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ajps.AJPS_69_17

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Background: Hirschsprung's disease (HD) is a genetic disorder with a complex pattern of inheritance. Some single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are identified to be associated with the risk of Hirschsprung's Disease (HSCR). Aims and Objectives: The aim of this study is to know the association between the rearranged during transfection (RET) proto-oncogene polymorphism and HD and to characterize the SNPs of RET proto-oncogene affecting HD. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted in the Department of Pathology in association with the Department of Pediatric Surgery. Blood samples were collected from the patients diagnosed with confirmed HD and from age- and sex-matched controls. This case–control study consisted of 53 HSCR cases and 50 controls. Genotypes of rs1800860 and rs1800861 were analysed in by polymerase chain reaction amplification and sanger sequencing. Associations with the risk of HSCR were estimated by odds ratio (OR) and their 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) using. Results: We observed that in the case of rs1800860A > G genotype AG was not associated with the increasing risk of disease (OR with 95% CI = 0.568 [0.238–1.356]) while genotype GG was associated with increasing the risk of the disease (OR with 95% CI = 2.278 [0.967–5.366]). In the case of rs1800861G > T genotype GT was associated with lowering the risk of the disease (OR with 95% CI = 0.230 [0.0981–0.539]) while genotype TT was associated with increasing the risk of the disease (OR with 95% CI = 9.647 [3.830–24.302]). The difference in the genotypic distribution of GT and TT at rs1800861G > T between Short segment disease (SSD) cases and Long Segment Disease (LSD) and total colonic aganglionosis was made by Fisher's exact test and it was statistically significant (P = 0.0476 and 0.0054). Conclusion: The results of this study support the hypothesis that variations in RET pathway might play an important role in the development of HSCR.

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