African Journal of Paediatric Surgery

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2012  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 198--201

Diagnostic value of ultrasonography in evaluation and management of acute abdominal conditions in the paediatric age group


Mohd Khalid1, Navneet Redhu1, Babar Nazir1, Saifullah Khalid1, RS Chana2, Abhishek Jha1 
1 Department of Radiodiagnosis, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, A.M.U., Aligarh, India
2 Department of Pediatric Surgery, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, A.M.U., Aligarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Navneet Redhu
H. No. T1 Azim Residency, New Sir Syed Nagar, Aligarh, U.P., 202002
India

Background: The aims of this study have been elaborated below: (1) to enumerate the common causes of acute abdominal emergencies by ultrasonography in paediatric patients; (2) to establish the diagnostic efficacy of ultrasonography in evaluation of acute abdominal conditions in children and to illustrate the associated ultrasonographic findings; (3) and, to discuss the role of ultrasonography in guiding the mode of intervention in these cases. Patients and Methods: This prospective study of ultrasonographic examination in 146 paediatric patients presenting with acute onset abdominal pain at the emergency/paediatric outpatient department section of Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College & Hospital, Aligarh, between June 2006 and December 2007, using 3.75 MHz and 8 MHz transducers of the ADARA (Siemens) machine. Results : Common causes of acute abdominal emergencies in pediatric patients as noted on ultrasonography included nonspecific pain (28%), abdominal abscess (21%), acute appendicitis (7%) and intussusception (7%). Ultrasonography was diagnostic in 45.2% cases and supportive in 12.3% of the cases. As for as the final outcome, ultrasonography prevented surgery in almost 20% cases and laparotomy was avoided in 7% of the patients as ultrasound guided interventions in the form of abscess aspiration were carried out. Conclusion: Ultrasonography evaluation of children with acute abdominal pain, helps in making significant changes in the management plan of the patients, and also reveals various clinically unsuspected diseases.


How to cite this article:
Khalid M, Redhu N, Nazir B, Khalid S, Chana R S, Jha A. Diagnostic value of ultrasonography in evaluation and management of acute abdominal conditions in the paediatric age group.Afr J Paediatr Surg 2012;9:198-201


How to cite this URL:
Khalid M, Redhu N, Nazir B, Khalid S, Chana R S, Jha A. Diagnostic value of ultrasonography in evaluation and management of acute abdominal conditions in the paediatric age group. Afr J Paediatr Surg [serial online] 2012 [cited 2020 Dec 6 ];9:198-201
Available from: https://www.afrjpaedsurg.org/article.asp?issn=0189-6725;year=2012;volume=9;issue=3;spage=198;epage=201;aulast=Khalid;type=0